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Can Allergic Reactions be Considered Personal Injuries?

Throughout the spring and summer months, people often experience seasonal allergic reactions. But what about food allergies, or other types of reactions? Can those allergic reactions be considered personal injuries? Read Greathouse Trial Law’s blog to learn more.

What is an Allergic Reaction?

An allergic reaction happens when your body overreacts to a harmless substance, known as an allergen. Your immune system registers the allergen as an unknown material and triggers reactions like swelling, coughing, pain, or anaphylactic shock.

Sometimes allergic reactions resolve themselves, so there is no need to go to the doctor. However, if you start getting hives all over your body, have trouble breathing, or experience anaphylaxis, it’s critical to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Anaphylaxis is the most severe allergic reaction, with symptoms that include skin reactions, low blood pressure, constriction of the airways, a weak pulse, dizziness, or nausea. If you start to experience any of these symptoms, use an epinephrine injection and head to the emergency room.

What Causes Allergic Reactions?

Allergic reactions can be caused by any substance the body is unfamiliar with. However, most reactions are caused by dust, pollen, food, insect stings, or medication. Many people with allergies try to avoid their triggers, but may unknowingly be exposed.

Allergic Reactions as Personal Injuries

Not all allergic reactions are equal, nor are all allergic reactions considered personal injuries. However, there are times when you can get financial compensation for a reaction. Your allergic reaction could be a personal injury if it was caused by medical malpractice, negligence, or a failure to warn.

Medical Malpractice

Some allergic reactions are caused by ingredients found in certain medications. While you can read the drugs facts on over the counter medicine, it can be difficult to pinpoint the ingredients in prescriptions. Therefore, doctors must check your allergies against the ingredients of medication.

If your doctor prescribes you medicine that you have an allergic reaction to, you may be eligible to file for a medical malpractice lawsuit. To prove malpractice, you must show that the doctor failed to behave with the level of care that a typical doctor would.

If your doctor fails to check that you are allergic to any medications, or fails to take the allergy into consideration when prescribing medicine, you can file for medical malpractice against that healthcare provider.


Negligence can be tricky to define in the legal sense, but it typically refers to the duty someone owes to another. In this case, manufacturers and restaurateurs have a duty to alert consumers of any known allergens – especially after the Food Allergen and Consumer Protection Act of 2004.

Let’s use restaurants as an example. You have a duty to alert the chef of your allergies, but if you end up in the hospital because you had an allergic reaction to your food, then you can hold the restaurant liable. They had a duty to serve you food without your allergen, and they neglected to ensure your safety.

Negligence can also come up with manufacturers. Food and cosmetics companies have a duty to warn you of any potential allergens that may be in their products, and if they fail to do so, you may be able to file a personal injury lawsuit against them.

Failure to Warn

Occasionally, failing to warn consumers about potential allergens can lead to personal injury lawsuits. For example, if a product doesn’t contain peanuts but is processed in a factory alongside them, then that would be a failure to warn and could constitute a lawsuit.

Failure to warn can also apply to other allergens as well, including stinging insects. Let’s say that you are a landscaper working on a client’s yard, and they knew that there was a yellow jacket nest. If they didn’t warn you and you had to receive medical care for a sting, you could potentially hold them liable for your injury.

Failure to warn falls under the negligence umbrella, but it’s important to talk about it on its own. You have the right to make your own informed decisions, and when you don’t have all the context, you may end up in more danger.

Speak with an Expert

Allergic reactions are scary and potentially dangerous. After you’ve received the appropriate medical care, it’s critical to speak with an attorney who can help you take your next steps. You may be eligible for financial compensation.

Contact us today at (678) 310-2827 or complete our online form for your free case evaluation. Our personal injury law firm aims to serve the great people of Atlanta and to give a voice to the voiceless.

Copyright© 2021. Greathouse Trial Law, LLC. All rights reserved.

The information in this blog post (“post”) is provided for general informational purposes only and may not reflect the current law in your jurisdiction. No information in this post should be construed as legal advice from the individual author or the law firm, nor is it intended to be a substitute for legal counsel on any subject matter.

No reader of this post should act or refrain from acting based on any information included in or accessible through this post without seeking the appropriate legal or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances at issue from a lawyer licensed in the recipient’s state, country or other appropriate licensing jurisdiction.

Greathouse Trial Law, LLC
260 Peachtree Street NW
Suite 803
Atlanta, GA 30303
(678) 310-2827

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Riah Greathouse

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